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Do Our Kids Have Nature-Deficit Disorder? - References

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ASCD Magazine


Educational Leadership



December 2009/January 2010 | Volume 67 | Number 4

Health and Learning Pages 24-30

Richard Louv


American Institutes for Research. (2005). Effects of outdoor education programs for children in California. Palo Alto, CA: Author. Available: 


Dyment, J. (2005). Gaining ground: The power and potential of school ground greening in the Toronto District School Board. Toronto, Ontario: Evergreen. 


Huh, S. Y., & Gordon, C. M. (2008). Vitamin D deficiency in children and adolescents: Epidemiology, impact, and treatment. Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, 9(2), 161–170.


Kuo, F. E., & Taylor, A. F. (2004). A potential natural treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Evidence from a national study. American Journal ofPublic Health, 94(9), 1580–1586.


Lieberman, G. A., & Hoody, L. L. (1998). Closing the achievement gap: Using the environment as an integrating context for learning. Poway, CA: Science Wizards.


Rose, K. A., Morgan, I. G., Ip, J., Kifley, A., Huynh, S., Smith, W., et al. (2008). Outdoor activity reduces the prevalence of myopia in children. Ophthalmology,115(8), 1279–1285.


Science Daily. (2008, October 29). Neighborhood greenness has long-term positive impact on kids' health. Available:

Sobel, D. (2008). Children and nature: Design principles for educators. Portland, ME: Stenhouse.

Richard Louv is the author of Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder

(Algonquin Books, 2008) and Chairman of the Children & Nature Network ( He was awarded the Audubon Medal in 2008.


With Permission - Copyright © 2009 by Richard Louv

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