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Infants » Newborn Development

Emotional Ties in Infancy

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0 - 2 Months

Mother’s face, Father’s face creates same amount of arousal.

Facial muscles expand, contract, worried look.

Distress and pleasure drives cause small motor reactions.

2 – 5 Months

Mother’s face, Father’s face plus touch increase smiling, cooing, talking, vigorous movement

Familiar voices, stroking, familiar faces produce increase in activity level, more arousal, more emotion, screams, howling.

5 – 9 Months

Strangers produce anxiety, of face behavior increase, clinging, groping continues.

9 – 12 Months

Fear responses, withdrawal and frozen behavior caused by strange situations and strange faces.

Closer proximity to familiar adults and parent(s) produces less stress.

At 1 Year

Fright and separation cause distress, regression

Low tolerance for activity accompanies change or substitution of one caregiving person for another.

Lack of pursuit or curious behavior occurs when familiar adults disappear, also inhibited motor activity and less interest in food or toys even if they are favorites.

At 15 Months

More tolerance for separation and more independence.

Toddler searches for interesting things to do, then quickly retreats to position of security.

Toddler has an inflated view of her own capacity and competence; extends, takes risks.

Ask Dr. Susan