Solutions For Parents

Milestones of Development

Milestones of Development 22-24 Months

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This is how you as a parent can make your child smarter.

 

     
Area of Development Skill Level Play Activity
Hands Threads and strings objects Show child how to thread, guide if needed; let child experiment on own  - large stringing beads, large macaroni, small tomato sauce cans, string, yarn, paper towel tubes cut in fourths, plastic bracelets, plastic lids with holes cut in center
Hands Eats and spills with spoon         Play eating, cooking, eating in restaurant, party, etc – spoon, suction bowl, food like cereal, pudding, applesauce
Hands Holds spoon right side up; spills Using whipped cream show how cream is hidden if spoon is upside down
Hands Will retrieve hidden toy – all trials Show object, hide under 1st then 2ndscreen – scarves, washcloth, inverted box, wax paper, ball, doll, cup
Hands Will retrieve hidden toy – all trials Two screens alternating; hide shown object under 1 and 2 – screen, scarves, washcloth, inverted box, wax paper, ball, doll, cup
Hands Pinches and uses cortical opposition in both hands Place matching clothespins on bowl with colored tape – clothespins, bowl, tape
Hands Takes pants, shoes, socks off with no help Adult uses doll while child actually does it – doll, loose clothes, child’s clothing
Hands Can handle a few gadgets Play with “gadgets” around the house – door locks, switches, etc. – keys, key chain, clothespins, kitchen timer, measuring cups, brush, comb, toothbrush, baster, kitchen brush, small pliers, dial, lock, tongs, ice cream scoop, wooden spoons, etc.
Hands Begins to dress self; fusses with zippers, buttons Try on a variety of hats – hats of different types and sizes
Hands Aligns two cubes in a row for a train Hold waist of child and pretend to be a train around the room – two people
Hands Imitates vertical and circular stroke Trace circles and vertical lines on flannel board cutouts – flannel board and cutouts
Hands Imitates vertical and circular stoke Use crepe paper streamer – make circle and lines in air
Hands Sits and reads little picture books; turns pages singly Listen, let child talk about pictures – books with thick pages
Hands Empties and pours objects in and out of container Use  conversational talk with macaroni play
Locomotion Walks up stairs, holding rail Practice marching
Locomotion Walks down stairs, hand held Use balance beam, step on and off – balance beam, plank and blocks of wood and bricks
Locomotion Walks down stairs Use low step to step off, use a ramp – stairs, balance, sturdy box, vault box
Locomotion Pushes toy, say “vroom-vroom” Role play with push-pull toys – push grocery boxes around (empty or full), push riding toys (with or without passengers), small furniture/toys to push – walker, large box, toddler taxi, wagon, vehicles for child to push while on hands and knees, toy train, heavy toys to push
Locomotion Throws from elbow, retrieves, throws again Use soft balls of different sizes – balls with Velcro to throw at board, bean bags to throw at a target, yarn balls to throw at an attractive target, foam shapes, sponges, Nerf balls, medium to large balls
Locomotion Kicks ball on request Kick ball into box or basket – box, basket, ball, balloons, grocery bag blocks
Locomotion Walks backwards; runs Walk on balance beam backwards and forwards – balance beam, plank with supports
Locomotion Takes a step backwards; runs Encourage child to run for a hug
Locomotion Walks up and down stairs alone Use balance beam for marching – balance beam, plank with supports, ramp
Locomotion Marches, carries blocks, toys around room, pounds together March with block, clap together – sand blocks, streamers, pom-poms
Locomotion Goes to bathroom and sits on potty Read “Ella the Elephant”
Language Says 50 words Sing songs, play listen and talk games
Language Uses phrases, understands simple directions Give simple directions when playing, ask to point out or get objects – play sets: farm, garage, work bench, cars, etc., point out toys, clothing, food, objects in books and magazines
Language Says two word sentences Use 3 word sentences back to child
Language Says two word sentences Expand child’s sentences: “All gone” to “The ball is all gone.” – tape recorder, tapes
Language Names two objects out of 10 Play “What’s Missing?” to build up recall; start with two object – tray, 2-3 identifiable objects i.e. ball, cup, block, spoon, etc.
Language Words replace actions Ignore pointing, wait for a word
Language Identifies familiar objects seen on TV Relate objects from one place to another: “Same as at our house”
Language Says 50 words Sing songs, play listen and talk games
Auditory Responds to music with animation and action Play games to music: “Blue Bird”, “Hokey Pokey”, “Looby Loo”, scarf dancing, blow bubbles – streamers, ribbon, scarves, bubble solution, paper plates
Auditory Understands 10-25 words; two word couplets Any song
Auditory Understands one step directions Give silly directions: “Blow me a kiss”, “Rub your tummy”, etc.
Auditory Identifies sounds without seeing them Make sounds behind screen, ask child what is the sound, where is it – screen, scarf, wax paper, cardboard, clock, squeaky toy, etc.
Tactile Chews effortlessly Uses dolls to pretend chewing food, talk about teeth moving – puppet, paper bag with mouth and teeth
Tactile Imitates stroke on paper Use wet chalkboard and chalk, use fingerpaints and large sheet of paper
Tactile Discriminates hot, cold, rough, smooth

Make hot and cold jars; hot and cold stones – film containers with ice cubes, “hot” water

Use smooth stones – put some in freezer, some in “hot” water

Tactile Discriminates hot, cold, rough, smooth Make sand paper tablets of different grades – small wood block with various grades of sand paper glued on
Tactile Discriminates hot, cold, rough, smooth

Use texture ramp, child crawls on ramp, use daily conversations about these sensations when they arise

Use texture egg carton – glue or place different textures in compartments of egg carton

Tactile Discriminates hot, cold, rough, smooth

Use feel box – feel box, smooth stone, pinecone, sponge, brush, block, yarn ball, etc.

Use texture cards, book – glue texture materials onto cardboard cards, can tie together

Tactile Touches and labels objects without seeing them Play “What’s Missing?” from tray of 2-3 objects – tray, ball, car, spoon, brush, block, etc.
Visual Can fit different forms into board puzzle Use three piece puzzles and household objects – pillows of different shapes, use objects of different and distinct shapes – napkin, plate, etc.
Visual Recognizes circle shape Point to objects that are rounded objects – plates, cups, saucers, bowls
Visual Segregates parts; categorizes simple objects visually (socks, shoes) Clean up room; “Let’s put all books on shelf, all dolls on bed, etc.” – various rooms, toys, clothes, cups, spoons, magazines, pillows, etc
Social Capable of fear, anger, jealousy, anxiety, sympathy, suspicion, etc. Tape different voices
Social Communicates to others a wide range of emotional states Role play with boy and girl dolls, stuffed animals
Social Has sense of order Talk about what comes next using daily wall chart – daily routine wall chart using Velcro shapes, stickers, pictures cut from magazines
Social Engages in parallel play Sing songs, use fingerplays; touch, hold hands
Social Says “No” even when likes something Change “No” into “Uh-oh” or “whoa”, pay no attention
Social Concentrates on “parts” of objects Play “Follow the Leader”; “You do what I do” – dial phone numbers one at a time, turn pages of magazine one at a time, go up and down steps one at a time, walk around room, make a block tower
Social Resistant to change in routines Use wall chart to change shapes – daily routine wall chart with stickers child and adult decide upon
Social Separates from mom for short distance, then retreats to her Place enticing toy a few feet away and encourage child to go for it – glitter wand, glitter ball, inflatable toy, toy that makes noise, interesting book, balls, pop-up toy, pin wheel
Social Likes errands of fetch and carry Use role play, rooms in the house, grocery store – cardboard boxes, food boxes, cans, clothing store, toy store – bags, clothes, toys, boxes
     
Ask Dr. Susan