Solutions For Parents

Milestones of Development

Milestones of Development 12 - 18 Month Needs Skill Activity Therapy

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This is what you as a parent can do to make your child smarter.

Area of Development Skill level Play Activity     
Locomotion crawls skillfully and quickly                            
body movements stands alone with feet apart and arms extended for support  
locomotion begins to walk unassisted near the end of this period; falls often; not always able to maneuver around obstacles such as furniture and toys Arrange for child to push and pull objects – low tables, chairs, boxes, sofa cushions, large pillows, ramps, balance beam, gym mats set up as a wall/maze
body movements uses furniture to lower self to floor; collapses backwards into a sitting position or falls forward on hands and then sits Step in and out of a circle or hoop on floor – circle drawn on floor with tape, hoop
locomotion crawls backwards down stairs  
feeding/eating helps feed self; enjoys holding spoon and drinking from a glass or cup; not always accurate at getting utensils into mouth; frequent spills  
talking/communication  names everyday objects Use two word sentences with child: “Baby sit” – dolls and accessories
imitation responds with some facial movement but cannot truly imitate facial expressions Hand your child a mirror and have them talk to themselves
talking/communication produces considerable "jargon": words and sounds put together into speech-like (inflected) patterns Play “Pick up” and “Where is?” games
talking/communication produces some two word phrases: "more cookie", "daddy bye-bye" Repeat words clearly; vary tone and inflection
talking/communication uses gestures such as pointing or pulling to direct adult attention  
talking/communication enjoys rhymes and tries to join in Read nursery rhymes
talking/communication seems aware of the reciprocal aspects of conversational exchanges; some turn-taking in other kinds of vocal exchanges such as making and imitating sounds Take turns talking and listening
listening follows simple directions: "give daddy the cup"  
hearing when asked, will point to familiar persons, animals, and toys Seek and find books
talking/communication uses 5 to 50 words; typically these are words that refer to animals, food and toys Use picture books
hands places nine small blocks in a container Use box with interesting objects that change frequently – box with wide top, spools, blocks, rattles, cups, cars, “little” people and animals, plastic links
hands puts all pegs in a six-peg board (large pegs)  
hands places 3 geometric shapes in large foam board Practice stacking: model for child; work up in number,
down in size – rings, pillows, large foam pieces, sponges,
diaper boxes, small grocery bag blocks (stuff bags with
newspaper and tape shut, empty cereal, cracker, milk, or shirt boxes
hands attempts to activate mechanical objects if child has seen someone else make them work Give opportunity to manipulate toys that come apart – household goods, nuts and bolts, pop beads, q-tip box, waffle blocks, bristle blocks, links that easily come apart, etc.
hands passes toy to hand on other side of midline (center of body) when offered a second object or toy Try to hand two objects at once to your child it encourages decision making
eyes enjoys looking at pictures in books Have plenty of books at home
temperament beginning to assert independence; often refuses to cooperate with daily routines that once were enjoyable; resists getting dressed, putting on shoes, eating, taking a bath Use positive words often when child uses expected behavior
emotional may have a tantrum when things go wrong  Recognize that this is a way they communicate
visual recognizes self in mirror Have a mirror in babies crib
emotional enjoys the companionship of other children but does not play cooperatively Play groups with your children get them used to other children
emotional enjoys singing songs along with an adult Use tapes, records, and talk a lot; limit TV
attachment enjoys being held and read to  
Ask Dr. Susan