Solutions For Parents

Milestones of Development

Milestones of Development 6 Months

Share This Article: On Twitter On Facebook Print

This is what you as a parent can do to make your child smarter.

 

Area of Development Skill Level Play Activity
Mouth Begins chewing Model chewing when you eat with baby,  increase textures offered
Hands Puts fingers in adult's mouths Say "mmm" to baby and suck on baby's fingers
Hands Grasps and hold on with two hands together Place baby's hands on bottle or rattle
Hands Grasps objects using palm and fingers clutched together Offer baby objects and shapes of different textures to hold and touch and bring to mouth
Hands Grasps with both hands Extend broom handle to grasp, hold bottle up and let baby reach for it, let baby reach for decorated paper towel
Hands Grasps with both hands at the midline Extend broom handle across the middle of baby's body and let baby reach and hold on
Hands Picks up a variety of objects from surfaces, from space, and in all directions 360 degrees Put objects on shelves, not in boxes, to encourage baby to pick up and handle objects on the floor and in the sitting position,
Hands Places both hands on bottle when feeding Let baby try split bottles for easier hold, give baby his bottle to hold then let go briefly
Hands Pulls at hair or buttons or other objects attached to people Say "be gentle" to baby when she pulls
Hands Reaches out and leans toward object at the same time Hold colorful objects above baby's head
Hands Reaches out with one hand Hold one hand and entice baby to reach with other hand
Hands Reaches out with one hand Hold object to one side so baby contacts object with one hand
Hands Stretches arm and hand out toward object; leans toward object in sitting position Hold baby's hand and entice baby to reach with other; alternate hands
Hands Transfers object from one hand to another Give baby one toy in one hand, then another toy in the second hand and offer a third
Hands Transfers objects hand-to-hand while lying or sitting Put baby between legs and offer toys from either side
Hands Voluntary palmar grasp Offer a variety of objects and shapes to ?
Body Clutches at clothes or blankets or toys without awareness of weight or tension Play tug-of-war with baby; let baby hold on and pull baby to sitting position
Body Clutches toys with a corralling grasp Play "holding-on" games with baby
Body Grasps foot when lying on back Place musical toy or stuffed toy on one ?
Body Grasps foot when lying on back Place sock or piece of cloth or sticky material on one of baby's feet
Body Leans over and tips over when off balance in the sitting position Give baby two toys at once and place them to one side or the other to encourage baby to regain balance
Body Pulls self to sitting from lying on her back Place objects on couch or over baby's crib to interest him in sitting up alone
Body Puts toys in mouth while sitting Offer baby attractive toy to explore when balance is secure
Body Sits more or less alone, but uses arms and hands for support Use pillows on floor as support; let baby sit alone briefly
Body Sits well when supported only slightly; uses hands for balance Arrange attractive toys or pictures at eye and hand levels  for baby to pick up and handle
Body Swings and bats at objects, then pulls them into hold Place toys on strings across a broom stick for baby to bat around
Body Uses a more erect posture in supported sitting position Sit baby on floor and play "tippy" or "I’m a little teapot" games to practice recovering balance when off center
Body Uses protective extension of arms Use shower curtain or blanket as a hammock to swing baby gently from side-to-side so baby can practice leaning and recovering balance
Head Lifts head and neck off surface when lying on back Put bells or noisemaker on baby's stomach to encourage head lift
Head Lifts head from bed on back Put music or noisemaker on tummy to encourage ?, tickle or pat tummy
Head Stretches neck and lifts head up off surface when lying on back Massage stomach and sides; play "pat-the-bunny" on baby's stomach
Locomotion Bears weight when placed in the standing position Put baby hands against wall, then stand
Locomotion Bounces up and down in the standing position Make noises while bouncing, e.g., Pop-pop, boing-boing, cluck; play "bouncing along" with baby sitting and standing
Locomotion Bounces when held  in the air Bounce your head while baby bounces
Locomotion Bounces when held standing Bounce your head while baby bounces
Locomotion Bounces when held standing Make noises while bouncing, e.g. pop-pop
Locomotion Bounces when held standing Play “bouncing”
Locomotion Can bear weight in standing position Play “Bouncing Along”
Locomotion Can bear weight in standing position Roll over large ball bearing weight briefly
Locomotion Crawling Let baby feel rocking motion of hands and feet
Locomotion Crawling Offer toys just out of reach when on stomach
Locomotion Gets up on all fours and crawls forward and sideways Let baby feel rocking motion of hands and knees with your support
Locomotion Gets up on all fours and rocks from a stomach position Get on all fours yourself and play "you're a little horsie", or "rock-a-bye"
Locomotion Starts to pull knees up under body and lift body off surface with arms Offer baby toys just out of reach when on stomach
Locomotion Supports weight on legs and arms when on stomach in the crawl position Roll baby over large ball bearing weight briefly on legs
Posture Symmetrical posture predominates Practice “swim, “creep”
Sitting Protective extension of arms Sing and lean baby side to side show how ?
Sitting Pulls self to sitting from supine Offer toys to side and slightly above floor
Sitting Pulls self to sitting from supine Put baby into position saying “Let’s go get ?
Sitting Pulls self to sitting from supine Use pillows on floor for support
Sitting Puts toys in mouth while sitting When balance is secure offer attractive toy
Sitting Sits well when propped, uses hands for balance Arrange attractive toys or pictures at head ?
Sitting Sits well when propped, uses hands for balance Show baby how hand on floor will stead him
Sitting Symmetrical posture predominates Have baby track back to balance
Sitting Symmetrical posture predominates Offer toy in midline position
Receptive Initiates smile when someone comes near Talk constantly and smile at baby
Speech Crow, laughs. Squeals Vary tone of voice often when talking to baby
Speech Growls, grunts Diaper or baby play – point out body part
Speech Growls, grunts and make guttural sounds Imitate sounds baby makes, and say names of animal sounds
Speech Gurgles and spits and splubbers Make same sounds as baby; make words out of the sounds
Speech Makes close approximations of words "ma-ma" "da-da" Say "da-da" to baby and stuffed animals and favorite toys
Speech Makes deep sounds with throat  Diaper or baby play – point out body part
Speech Makes deep sounds with throat Use deep sounds in both loud and soft tones while diapering or dressing baby
Speech Possessive ma-ma, da-da Vary your voice often when talking to baby
Speech Squeals Vary your voice often when talking to baby
Speech Uses high pitched voice Vary the tone and pitch of your voice often when talking to baby; talk to stuffed animals at the same time you talk to baby
Speech Uses tongue and roof of mouth to approximate "da" and "tha" Talk to baby using "da "and "tha" and "pa" and "ga "sounds
Speech Vocalizes attitudes - pleasure, eagerness Talk constantly to baby telling baby how you feel
Speech Vocalizes attitudes – pleasure, eagerness Take nature of baby’s attitudes during diaper changes
Auditory Recognizes voice tonality Change your voice often, let baby know when ?
Auditory Recognizes voices by their tone and pitch Entertain baby with different voices and different words; talk a lot to baby during routine activities
Tactile Puts feet to mouth when on back Play “Ride, Bicycle”
Tactile Puts feet to mouth when on back Put bells, noisemakers on feet
Tactile Puts feet to mouth when on back Sing nursery rhymes and use baby’s body to ?
Tactile Puts feet to mouth when on back Play "ride, ride, bicycle"
Tactile Puts hands up in the air and touches legs and thighs Put different textured clothes on baby
Tactile Touches hands to objects, lets go, grabs on again Sing and tell baby names of body parts and clothes
Attachment Feels anxiety around unfamiliar people Pick baby up promptly when agitation is shown
Feeding Chews ands swallows as part of the same process, similar to the pattern of suck and swallow Feed baby cereal and milk separately
Feeding Chews with a tongue and gum motion; uses tongue to spit food forward Show baby the chewing motion as you feed her
Feeding Sucks and mouths at the same time, spits and "gargles" milk Give baby solid food for 2 minutes then shift to bottle for longer period, then back to solids
Feeding Takes solid food, but is surprised  by the texture Increase textures offered to baby
Imitation Plays peek-a-boo, face-to-face games Sit baby on lap facing you
Social Imitates smile when someone comes near Smile often with verbal encouragement
Social Responds to image in mirror Hold baby on lap facing mirror, make faces, smile, tickle
Social Smiles at self Use crib mirror
Social Smiles to self  when looking at hands or feet Place crib mirror near head of baby's crib
     
     
Ask Dr. Susan