Solutions For Parents

Milestones of Development

Milestones of Development 5 Months

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This is what you as a parent can do to make your child smarter.

Area of               Skill Level                                                                                     Play Activities
Development

Hands Begins holding bottle Encourage holding of bottle, rub baby’s finger while holding
Hands Bilateral hand approach Play splashing games in water
Hands Grasps objects on purpose Hold out giggle or sparkle stick for baby to grasp
Hands Looks at toy in hand Let baby look at sparkle toy in hand
Hands Puts hands in mouth when lying on back Rub cool water on baby's fingers
Hands Puts hands to mouth (supine) Give baby cold objects to suck on
Hands Puts hands to mouth (supine) On back – say “kiss the baby”
Hands Puts objects in mouth repeatedly Give baby washcloth to suck on
Hands Puts toys in mouth when sitting Give small toys to baby in sitting position
Hands Puts toys in mouth when sitting Give clean cool objects (which have been refrigerated) to baby
Hands Puts two hands together and brings hands to mouth Praise baby, tell baby "hands are made for clapping"
Hands Reaches for object when dropped within reach Give baby two toys at once
Hands Reaches for toy if dropped within reach Drop large rattle or bean bag within reach for baby
Hands Reaches for toy when dropped within reach Give baby 2 toys at once
Hands Regards toy in hand Let baby look at sparkle toy in hand
Hands Slaps and bats at objects Play splashing games with baby
Hands Takes one object when offered Give baby a plastic ring or links
Hands Uses two hand approach to objects Offer baby two objects at the same time, one from one side, and then the other; let baby shift gaze and choose
Hands Voluntary grasp Hold out giggle or sparkle stick for baby
Body Arches back when held high by the trunk high in the air Play "parachute" with baby, high and low
Body Flexes forearms Exercise baby's arms up and down in front
Body Gross sitting, leaning on both hands for balance Let baby balance alone briefly
Body Head lift 90 degrees Put hat on baby
Body Head steady when set forward in sitting position Stroke baby’s chin
Body Holds arms out to be picked up, babbles or cries Talk to baby before picking up
Body Holds head steady when pulled forward to sit Pull baby into the sitting position from a reclining position
Body Holds head steady when set forward in sitting position Place baby  between legs on the floor with pots and pans to look at
Body Leans heavily on one arm for support in sitting Offer baby two objects at once and place them on either side of body at 2 foot range
Body Leans on both hands for balance Place baby between legs and put pictures out in front
Body Lifts head 90 degrees Put hat or pie tin or other "lid" on baby
Body Mouths objects when lying on stomach, claws at covers or toys in stomach position Place scarves or wash cloths or soft toys near baby's head
Body Needs only slight support when sitting Prop baby against cushions or wall in sitting position
Body Pats and cups fingers around bottle or rattle Exercise baby's fingers by playing "open, shut them"
Body Pulls hips & knees to chest, legs bent fully Play "rock-a-bye" with baby while he is on his back
Body Pulls hips and knees to chest, fully flexed Play “rock-a-bye baby”
Body Reaches for toys while leaning on one arm Set objects out three feet in front of baby
Body Sits with back straight Massage and rub baby's back
Body Stronger landau Play “parachute” high and low
Body Symmetrical movement Exercise baby on mat and in bath
Body Uses both forearms and hands for support in sitting position Sit with baby on the floor with baby between your legs and allow baby to sit alone in this posture
Hands Flexes forearms Sing and flex forearms
Hands Holds arms outstretched, but bent and high Sing "open, shut them" and wave arms at baby
Head Lifts head 90 degrees Shake pompoms to encourage head lift
Head Lifts head 90 degrees Shake bells or yarn balls and change baby's position from sitting to standing to encourage baby to lift head
Head Lifts head when about to be pulled to sitting Shake bells or blocks in can
Head Lifts head when about to be pulled to sitting Put blocks in a tin can and shake near baby
Head No wobble when body swayed in sitting Play “pat-a-cake” in sitting position
Head Sways slightly in sitting position  and keeps head upright Play "pat-a-cake" with baby in the sitting position
Locomotion Bears weight in standing position Hold by chest under arms
Locomotion Bears weight in standing position if chest held under arms Play game to see if baby bears weight
Locomotion Bears weight in standing position if chest held under arms Hold baby by chest under arms
Locomotion Begins flat belly crawl Offer toys to go for in cleared area
Locomotion Crawls flat against surface, moving elbows and forearms forward, one side at a time Offer baby toys tied to strings and pulled slowly along floor
Locomotion Crawls on belly, inches forward and sideways Play "inchworm" and creepy crawly games with baby
Locomotion Legs passive – standing Hug, kiss in standing
Locomotion Moves legs and arms in alternating reciprocal motion Exercise baby's arms and legs gently, first left then right, alternating sides and amount of bending and stretching
Locomotion Pulls hips and knees to chest, fully flexed, fingers extended Play “bicycle” game
Locomotion Shifts weight from one foot to the other and lifts knee and leg when supported in standing position Hug, kiss baby when lifting baby to standing position
Locomotion Stands and looks down when chest is held securely Place objects at feet of baby
Locomotion Symmetrical movement Exercise arms and leg symmetrically
Posture Holds arms out to be picked up (supine) Talk to baby before picking up
Posture Needs slight support when sitting Hold baby facing out
Posture Sits with back straight Massage and rub back
Posture Weight on hands reaches for toys with support on one forearm Put object out 3 fee in front
Sitting Head steady when set forward in sitting position Place in sitting position with picture
Sitting Leans on both hands for balance Place baby sitting, hands on floor
Sitting No head lag when pulled to sitting Pull to sit and look in tabletop mirror
Sitting Puts object in mouth in sitting posture Offer baby wet and juicy cloths
Receptive Responds to angry tone by crying Soothe baby; make comfort signs
Receptive Responds to pleasant tone by smiling/laughing Match baby's sounds, imitate baby's sound patterns
Receptive Responds to voice by turning head (unseen source) Knock on door or wall, sing, call out baby's name before coming into baby's sight
Speech Babbles effortlessly, as if "chatting " Praise baby for babbling; say "is that right?" Or "tell me more."
Speech Babbles in more conversational manner Converse with baby; talk to baby as much of the time as possible
Speech Babbling continues Converse with baby on daily basis
Speech Breathes heavily; excited in play Let baby have time alone to play
Speech Continues to babble Babble back to baby
Speech Coos to express pleasure Let baby coo uninterrupted
Speech Imitates conversation Nod, give baby non verbal “talk”
Speech Imitates loud and soft sounds in the environment Play hiding games with noise-makers; give baby loud and soft sounds to search for
Speech Imitates own noises (ooh, ahs, bas, das) Let baby babble alone
Speech Imitates own sounds Play tape of baby’s vocalizations
Speech Imitates patterns of conversation she hears around her Play tape of baby sounds and adult talk
Speech Increases amount of babbling; voice changes tone and pitch Babble back to baby
Speech Mouth can imitate sounds and inflections Watch for cooing for pleasure, imitate
Speech Responds to angry tone by crying Soothe baby; make comfort signs
Speech Responds to pleasant tone by smiling / laughing Sing, hum, splubber
Speech Responds to voice by turning head (unseen source) Call baby first then come into room
Speech Searches around to find loud and soft voices and sounds Talk to baby in loud and soft words and phrases
Speech Self-reinforces babbling Let baby babble alone
Speech Uses mouth to imitate sounds and inflections Imitate baby's cooing and vocalizing expressions
Speech Vocalizes for emotional satisfaction Let baby have fun talking to self
Speech Vocalizes socially Talk a lot, talk fast
Auditory Becomes interested in causing action Give baby toys that move, make noise
Auditory Causes actions to occur when interacting with toys and play objects produces actions to Give baby toys wind-up toys, toys with moving parts, cups and pots with objects inside
Auditory Reproduces the same actions over and over to produce the same effect Talk with baby about familiar actions she makes, such as batting at mobile, patting a face, or clutching ball
Auditory Understands sounds in environment Talk with baby about familiar sounds
Emotional Discriminates between familiar vs. Unfamiliar persons Show baby self in mirror
Tactile Becomes interested in causing action Introduce levered pop boxes
Tactile Becomes interested in causing action Offer rattles that have action, action
Tactile Coordinates eyes, hands, and mouth Offer baby 2 toys
Tactile Does not use thumb Put thumb in mouth
Tactile Grasp voluntarily Play poke and pinch games
Tactile Grasps objects smoothly and holds on without letting go Play "round and round" and "up and down" games with baby, holding your hand over baby's hand as she grasps the toy
Tactile Places two hands on objects and brings to mouth Hold bottle or washcloth or rattle over baby at the midline and wait for baby to reach and choose object
Tactile Puts both hands up to toy when on back Clap your hands and hold out to pick ?
Tactile Puts both hands up to toy when on back Hold pompon over midline and ask baby to ?
Tactile Puts both hands up to toy when on back Put two toys in baby's two hands and let baby drop one
Tactile Repeats actions that produce the same action over again Give baby rattles that move, or wiggle or make noise
Tactile Sucks thumb vigorously, pulling thumb or pacifier in and out smoothly Place your hand over baby's hand to put thumb or finger or rattle in mouth
Tactile Uses 2-hand approach Offer baby 2 objects at once
Tactile Uses eyes, hands, and mouth together Play looking, touching, and hearing games with baby all at the same time
Tactile Uses one object or action to obtain another object or action Open and close boxes, take off lids, and place objects in baby's hands
Visual Ability to see small detail Point out details in big pictures, do??
Visual Fair to good control of eye muscles Notice how eyes focus and track objects
Visual Fixates on dangling toy while on back Give baby objects at shoulder height, at floor level, at different distances
Visual Horizontal regard changes to vertical regard Introduce perceptual tracking using ??
Visual Increased visual interest in distance Offer toys at 6, 7, 8 feet away
Visual Looks after toy if dropped Tell baby look
Visual Looks at object that are at a distance Draw baby's attention to objects which are further away than 5 feet with flashlight
Visual Looks at toy after dropping it Praise baby when she looks
Visual Looks for lost toys Tell baby to go get toy
Visual Looks from side-to-side and up-and-down; shifts from one visual plane to another Play eye-tracking games with baby, using balls shiny or illuminated objects
Visual Looks intently at hands when bringing objects to mouth Place pom-poms or plastic bracelets on baby's fingers and hands
Visual Looks quickly from one plane to another if a toy is new or novel Play with stacking rings or pinwheel with baby
Visual Possesses good control of eye muscles Praise baby when he uses his eyes and head to follow moving objects and people
Visual Pursues dangling ring with good fixation (supine) Arrange objects high and low
Visual Recognizes a familiar object Notice expression when offered a familiar object
Visual Recognizes familiar objects Put objects on shelf; point at objects and name them
Visual Recognizes familiar objects as well as faces; prefers family faces and orange, red and yellow colored objects Bring your face and objects close to baby at the same time, so baby can choose
Visual Searches for lost or dropped toys Move baby closer to dropped toy; say "go get it."
Visual Sees small details in faces & objects, picks at small objects Show baby eyes on a doll; tell baby "this is a doll; this is the doll's eye."
Visual Shows increased visual interest in distance Offer toys to baby at 6, 7, 8, 9,  and 10 feet
Visual Stops sucking when objects disappear from view Change baby's position when feeding so baby can look, stop, suck simultaneously
Visual Uses a visually-guided reach and grasp pattern Give baby shiny and illuminated objects to track with eyes
Visual Visual interest in distance Call attention to objects in distance w ?
Visual Watches while bringing objects to mouth Make objects smaller
Attachment Prefers faces to patterns or familiar stimuli Nuzzle baby face-to-face
Emotional Cries or shows irritability when unfamiliar objects or faces appear Practice hiding and finding objects with baby
Emotional Expresses concern with non-familiar things Alternate familiar/new objects
Emotional Gets upset when mother/father leaves room Say “I’ll be back”; come back immediately
Emotional Knows the difference between familiar vs. Unfamiliar persons Show baby familiar and unfamiliar objects and pictures of faces alternately
Emotional Upsets easily when mother/father leaves room Say "I’ll be back" to baby; go out of area, but come back immediately
Imitation Smiles at familiar person or object Tell baby she is smiling
Imitation Watches faces and makes accurate facial imitations Repeat baby's facial movements
Social Discriminates between familiar & unfamiliar persons Play going away and coming back games with baby; stress the coming back part of the game-reappear quickly, notice response to familiar / unfamiliar
Social Negatively responds to strangers Notice baby’s response to strangers in ??
Social Responds with sudden crying, shaking, & other irritable signs when strangers appear or remain in sigh Play hiding and finding games with baby in stores, other people's houses as well as at home
     
     
Ask Dr. Susan