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Curriculum » Visual Motor Learning

Visual Motor Learning - Pie Tin Rotations

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Purpose:   To help develop freedom in eye, hand, and arm movement patterns and to increase the accuracy of ocular pursuit and ability.


Apparatus:  Round and square pie tins or cake pans and various size and weight balls, such as beads, ping-pong ball, golf ball, glass marbles, or ball-bearings.



  1. Place a marble in a pie tin.  Holding the pan between both hands, roll the marble around in the pan.  Keep looking at the marble.  Follow it accurately with your eyes.


  1. Reverse the direction of the marble every 5 rotations.  Also vary the speed of the marble.  See how fast it can be rolled and not spilled out, and how slowly it can be rolled without cutting corners across the pan.


  1. Hold the pan in various positions, that it, to the right, left, closer, further, higher, lower, etc. Continue to control movement of the ball or marble while maintaining ocular fixation on it in these various positions.


  1. Try to use various size and weight balls and marbles.  Feel the difference in controlling their movements as you change from one to another.


  1. Now rotate the pie time in a circle with your arms while rolling the marble (or ball) in it with your hands as in previous steps.  Keep your eye on the marble.  Try rotating the pie tin in vertical circles, horizontal, circles, etc.


  1. Use various shape pans when available, such as a square cake pan.  Be sure to hold a square pan two ways:  a) by opposite corners for a square feeling and b) by opposite corners for an oblique or diamond feeling.  Try moving pan in a square pattern (or diamond pattern) while rolling marble around its edge.


  1. As ability increases, repeat this activity on the balance board.


Aspects to be Emphasized:


  1. To be aware of rotations of wrists.


  1. To be aware of the differences of rotation control when pan is held at various positions.


  1. To accurately follow rotation of ball/marble.
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