Developmental Disabilities

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Kinesthetic Visual

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Rotations: Kinesthetic-Visual

Purpose: To develop the feeling in arm movement of leading the eye movement

Apparatus: Balance board, small target - like a pencil eraser.


  1. Have child stand on a balance board with feet spread and with good posture.
  2. Move target in slow circles from a few inches in diameter to about 3 feet in diameter at just beyond arm's length from child. Make circles at all angles: flat in front of child, toward and away from him. Direct child to watch the target and follow the rotational movement.
  3. Have child point his finger at the target with his arm, rather than following it. Be sure to use each hand. Switch from time to time. Hold arms straight out.
  4. Watch the eye for jerky movements, hesitancy, and cutting corners on the circle. Watch finger for accuracy of pointing at the target.
  5. If the rotation is irregular in one particular area, go back and forth over the area without doing a complete rogation. Spend equal time doing rotations to the right and the left with each eye.
  7. Repeat this activity at various distances from the child


Aspects to be Emphasized:

  1. The development of the feeling that the arm is "leading" the eye. This must be stressed to the child during the activity.
  2. Smooth eye movements and accurate finger pointing.
  3. Good balance on the balance board.
  4. Awareness of rest of the room and stability of the visual background.


In 1989, Dr. Turben received funding that enabled the Cleveland Sight Center to initiate the first large-scale, family-centered Children's Services Program in Cleveland, Ohio. Dr. Turben worked for Lake County Early Intervention Collaborative Group in 1988-89 as the consultant who prepared the County Needs Assessment and assisted the collaborative in the preparation of the 1988-89 Lake County Early Intervention Collaborative Plan, which launched family collaboratives as a network of families with children who had disabilities.
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