Developmental Disabilities

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Vision/Hearing

Cortical Vision Therapies

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The themes of floor play are (1) cars and tools, (2) talk, write, draw and read, (3) dolls and animals, (4) baby care, (5) feed and eat, (6) build and construct, (7) housework, (8) role play and (9) pretend make-believe play.

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Teachers and children move to floor level to play.  All activities are in contained spaces so children feel safe and regulate their own actions and behaviors. Teachers continually talk, sing and teach language games and songs.  Teachers continually talk, sing and teach language games and songs.

  1. Offer children ways of moving and talking at the same time – so the children see how to socially interact. Without it, children become lost in the classroom, slip away and lose focus.
  2. Adults are better playing and teaching partners than other children.
  3. Adults sing and move as much as possible, taking turns and mingling with all children; Teachers try this game: “See what I can do”.” Demonstrate a specific action or movement, like jumping.
  4. Teacher jumps and says, “I am jumping,” jump, repeat, “I am jumping; see I can do.”
  5. Teacher hops and says, “I am a funny bunny. Can you say it to?” Say “bunny.”
  6. Adults are always talking and moving at the same time. This is how children learn how to see other children as people, instead of objects or toys.
  7. Children feel secure by wearing a head covering, such as earmuffs, hat or cap to cover ears in order to keep out distraction and noise.
  8. Children who have cortical vision impairment do not process sights or sounds that are too loud or too bright. Find a corner of the room, drape a dark-colored blanket or sheet over a table. This makes a quiet place to retreat and calm themselves. Help children to feel quiet, to feel safe; then they will touch toys, give hugs, hold hands.
  9. Massage children as often as possible. Lightly rub children’s heads, softly humming along with touch. Work down the body to hands, back, shoulders, cheeks, lips and feet; start touching him with a very light rotation of the hand on his shoulder, then his arm and work down his skin, warming up the skin.
  10. Offer children objects that are heavy, soft and hard, rough, and objects that fit together or match; offer two objects or toys at a time. This is the fastest way to teach children to relate and connect with toys.
  11. Exercise muscles throughout the body. Children will learn to visualize what their bodies are doing, and making mental “pictures’ that will remain in their memory. Guide children‘s hands to the face; exercise small muscles of cheeks, lips, gums, teeth, mouth, hair and eyes. Make facial expressions, gestures and sounds that have the sounds of real words.
  12. Take a few minutes to rub cheeks, gums, tongue, teeth and lips with a soft cloth or soft brush.
  13. Following a tour of the classroom, show each child his picture which is a schedule of activities pasted on paper. When children wander off, teachers “follow, follow.” Then bring children back and show the pictures again.
Ask Dr. Susan