Milestones of Development 18-24 Months

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This is how you as a parent can make your child smarter.

Area of Development       Skill Level Play Activity         
Body of Movements         carries large objects while walking  
Body of Movements sits by self in child-size chair Child size chairs and tables
Body of Movements bends down to pick up toys without falling over Sing songs and have  your child help clean up
Locomotion Runs with confidence; seldom falls; moves quickly from one place to another. Have child run to give you a hug
Locomotion walks backwards Walk on balance beam backwards and forwards – balance beam, plank with supports
Locomotion climbs on chair, turns around and sits down Make furniture easy to access
Hearing enjoys stories about self and family Read to your child
Hearing Follows directions about placing one item in or on another: "put the sweater on the bed" ".in the drawer" Give silly directions: “Blow me a kiss”, “Rub your tummy”, etc.

Talking/Communication 

speaks 50 to 300 different words; names almost everything in familiar surroundings Repeat words clearly; vary tone and inflection
Talking/Communication refers to own self as "me" or sometimes "I" rather than by name: "me go bye-bye" Repeat words and phrases; ask questions
Talking/Communication asks "what's that?" and "why?" repeatedly  
Talking/Communication sings along with familiar tunes Play CD's and radio
Talking/Communication names familiar objects while leafing through a book Have picture books
Talking/Communication uses some plurals Repeat words and phrases; ask questions
Feeding/Eating feeds self; carefully places spoon in mouth Make dinner appealing with lots of choices
Toileting bowel training often achieved Have adaptable seat for toilet with foot stool, role play toileting with dolls
Visual Eyes turn inward, equally, (convergence) as an object is brought close to the face. (Can be used to informally test muscle development of the eyes.)  
Visual watches the course of a small ball, such as a tennis ball; will go and get it Play catch
Visual shows tremendous curiosity; gets into everything, requires constant supervision Ask child to help collect things for activity, objects should be within child’s reach; various rooms; coloring, snack, bath, bed, washing, dusting, baking, etc.
Attachment alternates between clinging to parents and caregivers or resisting them Normal phase
Attachment shows increased independence; insists on trying to do many things without help: put on socks, hold own glass Let child do things for themselves
Emotional affectionate; offers hugs and kisses Offer lots of hugs
Emotional eager for adult attention, especially if nearby children are getting the adult's attention Make your child feel special
Imitation echoes significant, or the last words, that were spoken by someone else  
Imitation enjoys simple make-believe and role-play activities; dressing up, pretending to pour tea Have dress-up clothes, shoes, jewelry and hats
Temperament often defiant; says "no" in response to many requests Ignore "NO" distract
Temperament may offer toys to other children, but is usually possessive of playthings; hoards toys Sometimes have two of their favorite toys available
Temperament plays well alone; initiates own activities much of the time  
     
Ask Dr. Susan