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Ideal Fifth Grade Curriculum

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Art at the fifth grade level places an even greater emphasis on realism.  The lessons are planned with this in mind bringing to the students the idea of shading through form and solidity of an object.  The mechanical approach to perspective is introduced at this level.  Basic skills are still stressed but not to the extent of previous grades.

 

Painting:

  • Learn tempera painting by starting with big shapes of color and then adding details.
  • Learn watercolor painting by using wet on wet and dry brush techniques.
  • Use a good composition by filling in the paper and experimenting with shapes and lines.
  • Experiment with tools, other than a brush in painting (e.g. sponge, sticks, finger, feathers, etc.).
  • Use watercolor and tempera paints with other media.
  • Learn to mix their own tempera and acrylic paints and use of brushes in watercolor and India ink painting.
  • Learn shades, tones, and values of colors and their visual impact emotionally on a painting.
  • Be exposed to different painting styles of different artists.

 

Printing:

  • Learn various ways of printing using crayons, stencils, textures, styrofoam, fruits and vegetables, erasers, string, leaves, glue, and found objects.
  • Learn how an artist signs and titles their prints.
  • Be introduced to two colors in the printing process
  • Be introduced to relief prints and etchings.

 

Fiber Arts:

  • Learn to make simple puppets from paper bags, and then more complex mediums, such as: socks, clay, and paper mache.
  • Investigate weaving with natural materials found in nature.
  • Explore weaving techniques of pulling thread, tying knots, open work areas, and adding materials to the weaving.
  • Demonstrate batik techniques on cloth.
  • Be introduced to macramé techniques.
  • Be introduced to fabric art from different countries.

 

Stitchery:

  • Learn to thread needle and make simple stitches (e.g. running, cross, chain, and French knot.)
  • Use muslin, other fabrics, or plastic mesh in stitchery.
  • Experiment with use of yarn, embroidery floss, or other thread or wire for stitchery.
  • Create a stitchery to form a quilt block using geometric shapes.
  • Describe the directions for the construction of a quilt.
  • Be introduced to appliqué work and its history.

 

Sculpture:

  • Learn to use different materials to form a sculpture (e.g. paper, styrofoam, clay, tin, wood, paper mache, and found objects).
  • Learn to assemble sculpture by cutting, bending, folding, tearing, piercing, overlapping, and balancing pieces.
  • Introduced to the concept of form and movement in space and positive and negative space.
  • Learn proper use of tools in hand building with clay and cleaning-up procedures.

 

Collage:

  • Identify collages with variations of textures, colors, and shapes.
  • Learn to make a montage.
  • Learn to make a collage using found objects, paper, labels, and natural objects.
  • Learn when collage was used and why.

 

Calligraphy:

  • Identify what calligraphy entails.
  • Operate calligraphy tools of pen, ink and markers in an appropriate manner.
  • Recognize which pen points make specific types of lines.
  • Exhibit lettering skills using calligraphy tools.
  • Discover illuminated lettering in medieval times and use of color in lettering.
  • Design a poster using lettering style of their own.
  • Contrast different lettering used in advertising in today’s world.

 

Perspective:

  • Introduce one-point perspective.
  • Know what horizon line, vanishing point, and eye level mean.

 

The fifth grade curriculum advances students' proficiencies in each of the academic areas. Subject matter is clustered around interdisciplinary themes and projects that enhance students' understanding of the interrelationships between U.S. and world history, literature, and public speaking. Teachers endeavor to make current events relevant to both the social studies/history and English language and literacy curricula. Teachers guide students in the process of applying critical thinking to mathematical concepts, scientific inquiry, and research strategies. Teachers value the total child, thereby promoting the academic, social, and physical achievements of each individual. Students are introduced, through the fine arts program, to a variety of artistic experiences that enhance their appreciation for and knowledge of aesthetic forms.

I. ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERACY

The study of English language and literacy at the fifth grade level includes composition, grammar, and spelling. These areas are integrated with social studies/history of the United States to enhance continuity and heighten students' interest. Content vocabulary is extracted from narrative novels, poems, historical literature, and dramatizations. Students learn to write persuasive paragraphs as tools to apply and advance their knowledge of basic grammar and spelling.

A. The study of writing and reading at the fifth grade level integrates the writing process, reading, vocabulary, grammar, listening, and technology. Students engage in dramatizations of readings from various genres and literary forms. Journal writing is reintroduced at an advanced level requiring students to create analogues or short chapter summaries in response to passages taken from literary works. Students employ the steps of the writing process consisting of elements of a paragraph, drafting, editing, revising, and publishing.

1. Reinforce grammar usage; i.e., parts of speech, rhetoric, mechanics, and spelling.
2. Use literature as a model for writing tall tales, legends, myths, and memoirs.
3. Practice spelling rules and patterns, high frequency words, and content area words.
4. Discuss and review literary elements such as simile, metaphor, flashback, personification, symbolism,  
    character development, setting, and vocabulary.
5. Present reading and writing strategies, which include KWL, mapping, descriptive language exercises,
    comprehension and recall, and personal response.
6. Present major elements and techniques of literature such as predictions, imagery, foreshadowing, theme, and
    figures of speech, such as hyperbole, metaphor, and simile in the context of fictional and historical novels.

B. The study of writing and spelling at the fifth grade level reflects students' ability to increase their knowledge of rules and patterns, high frequency words, words specific to academic disciplines, and words of interest. Students use word banks and words in context, and learn pronunciation strategies and memory techniques.

1. Provide students with information about analytical forms of writing, such as the expository paragraph,
    comparison and contrast writing, opinion, argument and persuasion, persuasive paragraph, literary analysis,
    and elements of a research paper.
2. Review sentence structure, paragraphs, essays, journals, portfolios, and steps of the writing process -
    prewriting, drafting, proofreading, revising, and sharing.
3. Discuss and practice using figures of speech, including simile, metaphor, and hyperbole.
4. Explain and practice sound techniques, including onomatopoeia.
5. Interest students in using forms of creative writing, such as short stories, poetry, folktales, tall tales, legends,
    myths, and memoirs, narrative, poetry, dialogue, dramatic scene, personal essay, and advertisement.
6. Reflect with students on the value of writing as a way of communicating.

C. The study of vocabulary at the fifth grade level builds students' confidence in the use of context clues, definition and restatement, comparison and contrast, and inference. Students practice using the thesaurus, dictionary and glossaries, and learn to master guide words and entry words. Students practice accessing the pronunciation key and looking up definitions. Concepts of denotation and connotation, multiple meanings of words, and examples of idioms, synonyms, and antonyms are taught in the study of vocabulary.

D. The study of composition and grammar at the fifth grade level develops students' understanding of how to compose all basic forms of writing, in addition to special types of writing, such as oral and written presentations, letters, book reviews, evaluations, and research writing. The study of autobiographies, biographies, interviews, bibliographies, and word-processing on the computer provide additional background for students to appropriately implement grammatical conventions.

1. Develop knowledge of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions, interjections, prepositions,
    sentences, clauses, usage, capitalization, and style.
2. Reinforce correct grammar and mechanics in written and oral work.
3. Promote awareness of sentences, nouns, verb, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs, making sentences grow
    through prepositional phrases, compound elements, clauses and the proper use of mechanics.
4. Reinforce mechanics, such as abbreviations, italics, commas, colons, parentheses, brackets, slashes,
    apostrophes, quotation marks, semicolons, hyphens, dashes, and ellipses.
5. Develop style and usage, such as spelling rules, homonyms, contractions, compound words, idioms, and
    avoiding inclusive language.

E. The study of reading and comprehending literature at the fifth grade level provides instruction using various genres to enhance students' comprehension of the written form and their ability to apply critical thinking. Types of critical readings play an important part in the reading and writing curriculum.

1. Oral tradition - folk tales, legends, myths, proverbs.
2. Fiction - novels of five regions of the United States.
3. Nonfiction - speeches, articles, anecdotes, state reference books and biographies.
4. Drama - act, scene, skit, stage directions, props, scenery, characters, dialogue.
5. Characterization - main and minor characters, dialogue - dialect colloquialisms, and phrases.
6. Plot - setting, exposition, rising action, falling action, and resolution.
7. Conflict - external and internal, types of external conflict.
8. Point of view - narrator, first person, and third person.
9. Poetry - couplets, free verse.
10. Figurative language - simile, metaphor, hyperbole, onomatopoeia.
11. Literal reading - chronological, logical order, stated main idea, stated details, cause and effect.
12. Inferential reading - inferences about characters, events, setting, relationships, predicting outcomes, main
       idea, theme, and motive.
13. Analytical reading - literary elements and making references about a culture from its literature.
14. Deductive reading - fact and opinion, generalization, stereotype, techniques of argument or persuasion, error
       in reasoning, and evaluation of elements of a selection.

F. The study of public speaking and listening at the fifth grade level provides opportunities for students to engage in rhetorical and oral dialogue and develop oral communication skills that include speech making and research presentations. Public speaking develops students' capacity for speaking and listening in social situations. Students use oral language to show sensitivity to audience, purpose, and occasion; they use mass media effectively to locate, retrieve, evaluate, and apply information to solve language problems.

1. Provide opportunities for interpretation of a character, reading a narrative, reading a poem, reciting, and using
    gestures.
2. Guide students in interpreting choral works.
3. Provide experiences to engage in dialogue and drama.
4. Develop story-telling techniques.
5. Help students practice giving directions.
6. Prepare students to present speeches.
7. Develop skills in listening courteously and attentively.
8. Discuss issues, such as stage fright, and giving an oral report in both small and large groups.
9. Provide for the use of mass media.

G. The study of the research process at the fifth grade level develops students' awareness of research resources and enhances their ability to reason and think logically. Study skills, combined with research and organizational skills, promote an orderly and educational process that permits students to control their own learning. Issues, such as clutter control, homework habits, building memory, and preparing for a test are examined.

Students practice test-taking, planning short-term and long-term papers and projects, and setting and achieving academic goals. Students learn to employ effective work habits and organize their work through the use of:

1. Reference books, such as the dictionary, CD-ROM encyclopedia, atlas, and almanac.
2. Field guides and specialized works.
3. Internet tools and computer-access software.
4. Library resources - card catalog, picture file, vertical file, audio-visual equipment, Reader's Guide to Periodical
    Literature, and computerized resources.
5. Nonfiction books - table of contents and glossaries.
6. Study strategies - scanning, skimming, in-depth reading, survey, question, read, recite, review, study habits,
    charts, graphs, webs, time lines, maps, and field guides.
7. Organizing information - note-taking, informal and formal outlines, interview questions, interviewing techniques,
    and writing a research paper based on documentation.

H. The study of critical thinking at the fifth grade level reflects the importance of regional literature selections, which guide the study of U.S. and world history and geography. Students play the roles of researchers and explorers through the centuries, as they use higher order thinking to act out problems and situations from region to region. This active approach to learning allows students to develop a historical understanding of world history, as well as a regional understanding of America's history. Students perceive chronological relationships and a perspective on continuity and change.

1. Identify and translate directly stated information in the books selected from each region.
2. Classify and identify common characteristics and regional and geographical terms.
3. Interpret and analyze elements of each literary work - purpose, organization, and literary elements.
4. Compare, contrast, and make commentaries about regional problems and situations.
5. Make inferences and predict outcomes.
6. Demonstrate how to separate fact from opinion.
7. Make students aware of accurate and inaccurate generalizations.
8. Reintroduce and give examples of inductive and deductive reasoning.
9. Explain and practice methods of evaluation procedures and teach students how to develop standards of
    authenticity to apply to the reading and study of a work, such as author's credibility, reasonable facts and
    events, etc.

II. SOCIAL STUDIES

The study of social studies/history at the fifth grade level develops students' understanding of five major geographical themes of the United States. Students learn about location, people's interaction with the environment, and people's movement over time. Within these five regions, students investigate and explore the people and activities based on promoting democracy, individualism, and cooperative decision making.

The study of social studies/history at the fifth grade level focuses on the integration of social sciences, history, social studies, the humanities, and English language and literacy. The interdisciplinary approach draws from history, geography, science, language arts, fine arts, mathematics, and economics, including writing, reading, critical thinking, and public speaking.

Students learn the history of the United States by incorporating experiences that simulate real world applications. For example, students incorporate technology and the ability to communicate information in a global environment with projects of the past and present. Chronological thinking is reinforced in classroom experiences.

Students acquire knowledge of U.S. geography and location of natural resources that contribute to America's way of life - farming, housing, clothing, foods, etc. Religion, mythology, and cultural beliefs are infused into the study of the five regions as students examine rules of conduct, societal practices, and social order.

Students interpret time, places, and people through time lines, journals, researching, and reporting on people of the past. Students explore the three branches of the government by confronting critical issues and participating in discussions and presentations that involve decision-making, examination of alternative viewpoints, and prediction of consequences. Students cultivate comprehension and communication skills as they learn to recognize main ideas, fact vs. fiction, cause and effect, and summarizing.

1. Develop understanding of responsibility, equality, fairness, and values, becoming adept at making important
    decisions that affect their relationships with other human beings and their communities.
2. Engage in small and large groups to promote collaboration.
3. Help students become active and informed citizens to bring about constructive social change.
4. Develop both written and oral communication skills, including organizing, drafting, and editing.
5. Enhance learning through an interdisciplinary approach and authentic inquiry as they learn to conduct
    research.
6. Provide opportunities to read expository research material, including primary and secondary source materials.
7. Develop the ability to make informed and reasoned decisions.

A. The study of the Northeast region at the fifth grade level introduces and establishes the United States as an independent country. The study relates the history of America to both western hemisphere geography and the history of the world.

1. Plan, with students, a reenactment of a dramatic, literature-based reading presentation in which students
    participate in acting, scene production, props, stage direction, development of the characters, scripts, dialogue,
    analysis of vocabulary, critiquing, reviewing, and planning other enactments.
2. Extract content vocabulary from the literature and dramatization. We're Writing the Constitution
    (literature/historical fiction).
3. Develop writing persuasive paragraphs as tools to review basic grammar and spelling.
4. Introduce knowledge of Europeans, who first came to America and settled in the Northeast.
5. Integrate historical, realistic fiction set in the Northeast in the 1600's as a means of studying the landforms and
    geography of early settled areas.
6. Present information on the effects of persecution and intolerance represented in the development of the
    characters, plot, and conflict set in the novel, Blueberry Pond (literature/historical/fiction).
7. Reintroduce and restate elements and techniques of literature, such as foreshadowing, flashback,
    understatement, imagery, vocabulary, similes, metaphors, and onomatopoeia.
8. Develop descriptive paragraphs that state how the main characters look, feel, act, and what they say. The
    paragraphs include topic, detail, concluding or transitional sentences, and are formulated through the writing
    process.
9. Present information on Northeastern states' symbols and forms, climate, natural resources, history, famous
    people, and living and working in the states today.
10. Develop students' computer awareness of how to construct a report typed on a computer - title page, outline,
      body, bibliography, mechanics of writing, spelling, editing, revising, and publishing.
11. Reintroduce rules and patterns of spelling.
12. Review high frequency words.
13. Review synonyms, antonyms, multiple meanings and parts of speech that are learned through vocabulary
      words found in the context of the novel.

B. The study of the Southeast region at the fifth grade level establishes and connects knowledge of natural resources, geography and landforms to the historical events that shaped the colonization of the area.

1. Refer to the Southeast region as an area rich in natural resources, especially rivers that are used to aid in
    farming and transportation.
2. Clarify the way of life by presenting key events from slavery to Civil Rights.
3. Provide information and gather data about the population, climate, and variety of industries in the south central
    region.
4. Read, with students, narrative fiction, the novel of the 1930's, Sounder, and introduce democratic values, civics,
    and major events and people that impacted the lives of African- Americans from slavery to the 1930's.
5. Integrate vocabulary, grammar, spelling, and dramatic role-playing into the study of the expository style of
    writing.
6. Model and review vocabulary, high frequency words, and content area words.
7. Review events from Sounder and retell narrative episodes.
8. Facilitate student projects that show dialects and colloquialism relative to the setting and characters.

C. The study of the Southwest region at the fifth grade level emphasizes how weather, temperature, climate, and natural resources influence the culture, history, and economy of the area. Students develop sensitivity toward African-American and Hispanic American history. They learn how geography affects historical development.

1. Provide regional and historical knowledge based on historical fiction/literature.
2. Bring the post Civil War period of history in the United States "alive," so students realize and value
    environmental and personal conflicts.
3. Judge, in collaboration with students, ideas on history and its outcomes, and Southwestern characteristics,
    such as flatlands, mountains, deserts, and rivers.
4. Describe and delineate settlements in the Southwest, as well as and issues of heritage and origin of cultural
    groups who settled in the Southwest.
5. Demonstrate and identify geographic traits of Southwest states and the economic impact of settlements.

D. The study of the Western region at the fifth grade level develops students' ability to understand the West/Northwest as a region of extremes in both landforms and climate.

1. Present students with information concerning the settlement and growth of the West and Northwest, its social
    patterns, ideas of national unity, conflicts, and regional tensions.
2. Read a fictional novel, Julie of the Wolves, about the Arctic Coast region in the West. The geography of Alaska
    and its relationship to the rest of the United States is integrated into English language and literacy cross-
    curricular activities.
3. Help students understand industrial, technological, and rural changes as well as diversity and effects of the
    environment on the quality of life.

E. The study of the Midwest region at the fifth grade level establishes the Midwest as a region pioneered and inhabited by the Plains Indians and allows students to learn strategies that emphasize time and place as a method of study.

1. Building on cultural foundations, students have developed an understanding of social context, civic
    competence, and democratic values and principles.
2. Students have learned to interpret facts, create characters and narratives, confront critical issues, and examine
    alternative viewpoints about their country and government.
3. Read historical, realistic fiction that illustrates the geography and economics of the pioneering period of history.
4. Instruct students in the use of time and place strategies, such as Then and Now charts, KWL, SQ3, graphic
    organizers, and personal response venues.
5. Discover the strategic importance of water, soil, and farming in the north central states and the major industries
    of the Midwest, including transportation, steel, and automobile manufacturing.
6. Read the nonfiction and dramatic, historic narrative, Great Fire.
7. Provide instruction in map-making to illustrate aspects of the urban Midwest.
8. Model cooperative and collaborative learning processes, such as independence, cooperation, negotiation, and
    democratic values.

F. The study of economics at the fifth grade level develops students' ability to operate a business.

1. Operate a ceramics business, Bisque Disc, that incorporates production standards, quality control, and pricing.
2. Sell wares at Holiday Boutique.

III. MATHEMATICS

The study of mathematics at the fifth grade level includes repeated exposure to key ideas. The continuous use of review devices and games, and hands-on practice enable students to assimilate and retain mathematical concepts and skills throughout the year.

The emphasis of the curriculum is to develop and apply knowledge of basic concepts involving whole numbers, fractions, decimals, geometry, and measurement. Logical thinking skills and a sense of numerical reasoning emerges as a result of applying basic skills to real life problems.

A. The study of numbers, numeration, and order relations at the fifth grade level:

1. Reinforce identification of even, odd, prime, and composite numbers.
2. Develop equivalent names for numbers.
3. Develop reading and writing whole numbers through 12 places.
4. Develop expanded notation through 12 digits.
5. Review comparing numbers using symbols of relation.
6. Require mastery of basic division facts.
7. Reintroduce and apply rules for divisibility.
8. Review properties of whole numbers; i.e., commutative.
9. Review prime factorization.
10. Review four basic operations using multi-digits.
11. Introduce deficient, abundant, and perfect numbers.
12. Reintroduce square numbers and square roots using a calculator.
13. Introduce exponents and exponential notation.

B. The study of fractions, decimals, and percents at the fifth grade level:

1. Create sets of equivalent fractions.
2. Compare fractions using symbols of relation.
3. Reintroduce addition and subtraction with unlike denominators.
4. Reintroduce addition and subtraction of mixed numbers.
5. Introduce subtraction with regrouping.
6. Review simplifying fractions.
7. Review changing mixed numbers to improper fractions.
8. Reintroduce and extend converting fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions.
9. Introduce multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers.
10. Review comparing and ordering decimals.
11. Review and extend addition and subtraction of decimals.
12. Introduce multiplication through thousandths.
13. Introduce dividing a decimal by a whole number.
14. Introduce writing fractions and decimals as percents.

C. The study of estimation at the fifth grade level:

1. Review and extend applications to sums, differences, products, and quotients.
2. Use estimation to determine reasonableness of answers.
3. Introduce rounding of decimals to the nearest hundredth.

D. The study of measurement at the fifth grade level:

1. Review and apply customary and metric units of length, weight, capacity, elapsed time, and temperatures.
2. Provide opportunities for measuring lengths and reading a ruler to the nearest 1/16-inch.
3. Provide practice in using a protractor, compass, grid, metric and customary measuring sticks, and scales.
4. Introduce adding and subtracting United States customary units of measure.

E. The study of geometry at the fifth grade level:

1. Develop appreciation and awareness of how geometry is applied in real-life situations.
2. Review basic geometric figures and terms.
3. Review recognition of parallel, intersecting, and perpendicular lines.
4. Identify, categorize, and measure using a protractor the following angles: acute, obtuse, and right.
5. Introduce classification of triangles.
6. Help students' determine area and perimeter of polygons.
7. Introduce finding circumference.
8. Reintroduce calculating volume of cubes and prisms.
9. Review and extend congruence and symmetry.
10. Introduce similar figures.
11. Introduce transformations (tessellations): rotation, translation, and reflection.
12. Introduce estimating areas of regular and irregular figures.
13. Provide practice in construction of shapes, lines, and angles.
14. Extend identification and plotting of ordered pairs on a grid.

F. The study of graphs at the fifth grade level develops students' ability to construct and read bar, line, circle, and pictographs and stem and leaf plots.

1. Guide students in collecting, organizing, and displaying survey data.
2. Give direction in reading contour maps and using latitude and longitude in number stories.
3. Introduce positive and negative values as coordinates on a number line.

G. The study of ratio, statistics, and probability at the fifth grade level:

1. Guide students in collecting, organizing, and displaying survey data.
2. Review and extend identifying and calculating range, mean, median, and mode.
3. Review and extend predicting and calculating probability of events.
4. Direct students to express outcome of probability experiment as a ratio.
5. Introduce simplifying ratios.

H. The study of patterns and rules at the fifth grade level is the study of visual and numerical sequences.

1. Reintroduce formula models using variables.
2. Guide students in experiments that determine the rule for input and output numbers.

IV. SCIENCE

The study of science at the fifth grade level reflects students' need to experience interdisciplinary, environmental education and scientific inquiry. Students' develop an awareness of the physical and life sciences, as well as recognition of the delicate balance and interdependence of the components of an ecological system and the values of scientific inquiry. Students' observation skills are stressed. Students apply selected content areas to exploratory types of learning through direct experience and experiments. Students explore relationships found in physical and life sciences and discover how they benefit him/her.

1. Explore relationships found in nature and discover how these benefit him/her.
2. Realize impact of humans on the environment and cultivate a respectful, responsible attitude toward the living
    community.
3. Nature hike - geology, biology, botany
4. Pond study - botany, ecology
5. Graphing - geometry
6. Native American games and Ohio history - social studies
7. American Indian - Ohio history
8. Crafts - art
9. Journal - creative writing
10. Canoe - physical education
11. Archery - physical education
12. Field and forest succession - ecology and general science
13. Tree identification - ecology and general science - research/field guides
14. Campfire activities - language arts and drama
15. Sensory awareness activities - biology
16. Initiative games - strategy, team sports and camp songs - music

A. The study of plants of the Eastern United States at the fifth grade level includes the study of the natural resources of United States, life science-botany, research (field guides), and daily journal writing. Plants are living organisms capable of producing food. These living organisms are classified into groups.

1. Introduce classification of plants in the environment.
2. Introduce the plant life cycle.
3. Introduce use of field guides to identify trees.

B. The study of energy and sound at the fifth grade level includes physical science, research (scientific method), journal writing; i.e., recording, analyzing, retelling data, and applying science to life.

1. Introduce sound as a form of energy.
2. Discuss how sound is produced.
3. Develop description of sound by its properties.
4. Discuss and demonstrate how sound travels through different kinds of matter.
5. Discuss the benefits and harmfulness of sound.
6. Demonstrate absorption and reflection of sound.
7. Show how ears perceive and interpret sound.
8. Discuss sound as a means of communicating.
9. Introduce use of echolocation for navigation and hunting.
10. Use scientific method to investigate ways to reduce noise levels at school.
11. Guide students in recording, analyzing, and retelling data in journals.

C. The study of energy and light at the fifth grade level includes physical science, research (scientific method), and journal writing.

1. Introduce light as part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
2. Discuss how light travels.
3. Define and demonstrate using a prism and the composition of white light.
4. Discuss what gives objects color.
5. Define and demonstrate translucent, transparent, and opaque properties.
6. Provide experiences using different lenses (microscope, eyeglasses, etc.) and how these use light to alter
    apparent size; i.e., magnification.
7. Discuss primary sources of light and sources of reflected light.
8. Develop idea of solar power as alternative to use of fossil fuels.
9. Guide students in recording, analyzing, and retelling data in journals.

D. The study of exploring space at the fifth grade level combines science with technology and connects astronomy to literature. An understanding of the history and development processes of the universe comes from studying the earth and its relationship to the sun, planets, and galaxies.

1. Introduce description and components of the universe; i.e., galaxies.
2. Discuss properties and composition of stars.
3. Provide opportunities to explore identification of stars and constellations.
4. Introduce and develop the composition and description of the solar system.
5. Guide students in comparing and contrasting stars and planets.
6. Discuss space exploration.
7. Students explore why and how astronomers study celestial objects; i.e., radio, telescopes, and space probes.
8. Discuss procedures and instruments used to observe astronomical objects; i.e., launching into space.
9. Show how changes in astronomical events can determine long-term patterns by chance.
10. Model motion of stars, planets, and other astronomical objects.
11. Present factors that affect our ability to travel into space.

E. The study of energy, electricity, and magnetism at the fifth grade level studies the manifestations of the properties of electric changes.

1. Discuss and demonstrate how objects acquire electrical changes.
2. Introduce qualities of electrical changes; i.e., positive and negative, and the forces these exert.
3. Demonstrate the nature of friction.
4. Show how static and current electricity differs.
5. Demonstrate the properties and forces of a magnetic field.
6. Discuss and demonstrate the attributes and uses of magnets.
7. Show the relationship between a magnetic field and an electric current.
8. Discuss uses of electromagnets and refer to earth's magnetic field.
9. Demonstrate the production of current using a magnet and a coil of wire.
10. Define and demonstrate differences among conductors and insulators.
11. Show how resistances to current cause heat.
12. Describe and model series and parallel circuits.
13. Discuss the dangers of improper household circuits.

F. The Science Fair at the fifth grade level:

1. Help students conduct independent science investigations.
2. Guide students through independent use of the scientific method.
3. Provide opportunities to practice using research and writing processes.
4. Direct students to create visual representation of work.
5. Guide students to present oral presentations of scientific experiences.

V. HEALTH AND THE ART OF PERSONAL LIVING

A. The study of health and the art of personal living at the fifth grade level encourages awareness of growth and change in oneself and others.

1. Encourage students to recognize and meet the emotional needs of self and others in acceptable ways, such as
    love, attention, security, self-actualization, and adventure.
2. Promote recognition of the possibility for personal growth as part of the total maturation process.
3. Foster an increased respect for oneself and others.
4. Provide an introduction to A.P.L. - Art of Personal Living.
5. Help students identify and express feelings in a constructive manner.
6. Provide conflict management simulations.
7. Provide scientific information about human growth and development 0-18 years.
8. Nurture a wholesome understanding of the physical systems and an appreciation of their ability to function in
    harmony.
9. Develop students' decision-making skills as they relate to sexual behavior.
10. Foster the concept of postponing sexual intercourse until adulthood.
11. Provide knowledge of how the body functions in order to discuss disabilities and abilities.

B. The study of emotional growth and development at the fifth grade level focuses on growth and change, not only in students' bodies, but in feelings and relationships as well. Students learn about optimum health and the fact that as we grow and change physically, socially, and emotionally, our behavior changes also and individual personalities grow. The system of life and reproduction is presented to students in the context of caring relationships and family.

1. Present an overview of the physical systems.
2. Explain excretory and endocrine systems.
3. Explain male and female reproductive systems.
4. Examine the human reproductive system (sexual intercourse, conception, development and birth of baby).

C. The study of social growth and development at the fifth grade level helps students accept responsibility for behavior and helps students realize that positive relationships can increase self-esteem. Students learn to appreciate the importance of family relationships. Students develop communication skills to deal with changing feelings about their families. Once a student learns to recognize his/her feelings and emotional needs, he/she can begin to choose mature ways to communicate these needs and feelings. This process continues to improve his/her self-esteem and relationships with others.

1. Direct students to choose a variety of peer groups to affirm and express different facets of their personalities, to
    increase self-esteem, and to enrich personal growth.
2. Discuss the value of positive family relationships, communication, and sharing interests and activities in
    helping students go through puberty.
3. Help students understand that compulsive habits and behaviors can be changed with a person's decision to
     seek the help of professionals or specialized groups.

Physical Education
GRADE:   Fifth

  • I.   Social Skills
  • Team work - strategies should be put in use in varying games and activities
  • II.  Fitness
  • 10 - 12 minutes of physical activity before class  (Warm up, exercises, and stretching)
  • III.  Manipulative
  •  Reception and Propulsion Games
  •        Examples:  Hand Ball, modified hand ball, etc.
  • IV. All Sporting Activities
  •  Strategies for each sport should be thought out before the game or activity begins.
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