Characteristics Ages 5 and 6

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  • Relates to self and others; social sharing; “on-the-make”
  • Makes up rules
  • Industrious, but still anxious
  • Enjoys sex roles and gender identification
  • Jealous of same sex
  • Learns by particulars: one-attribute; visual measurement
  • Needs to save face
  • Feels remorse and guilt
  • Learns conservation tasks: estimating, numbering, quantity
  • Can think in terms of mental reversibility
  • Generalizes; categorizes, creates broad subsets, groups numbers
  • Reasons spatially and temporally
  • Uses tools, pencils, scissors, but may need help
  • Left-right identity
  • Dream vs reality
  • Time-distance understood
  • Imitates; copies
  • Wants a model to copy
  • Writes
  • Rips, tears, pastes
  • Sense of justice
  • Can delay gratification
  • Uses 5-6 word sentences
  • Scans
  • Sight recognition
  • Sound recognition
  • Rhythm and tonality established
  • Still egocentric; self-directed rather than other-directed
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