About Age Five

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Physical Development:

Periods of slow growth. Body lengthens out and hands and feet grow larger. Girls usually about a year ahead of boys in physical development.
Good general motor control, though small muscles not so fully developed as large ones.
Sensory-motor equipment usually not ready for reading. Eye-hand coordination improving, but still poor. Apt to be far-sighted.
Activity level high.
Attention span still short, but increasing.
Little infantile articulation in speech.
Handedness established.

Characteristic Behavior:

Stable, good balance between self-sufficiency and sociability. Home-centered.
Beginning to be capable of self-criticism. Eager and able to carry some responsibility.
Noisy and vigorous, but activity has definite direction.
Purposeful and constructive; knows what he’s going to draw before he draws it.
Uses language well, enjoys dramatic play.
Can wash, dress, eat, and go the toilet be himself, but may need occasional help. —Individuality and lasting traits beginning to be apparent.
Interested in group activity.

Special Needs:

Assurance that he is loved and valued.
Wise guidance.
Opportunity for plenty of activity, equipment for exercising large musdes. Opportunity to do things for himself, freedom to use and develop his own powers.
Background training in group effort, in sharing, and in good work habits needed next year in first grade.
Opportunity to learn about his world by seeing and doing things. Kindergarten experience is possible.

Ask Dr. Susan