Growth and Developmental Stages of 13-24 Months- Olds

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Social and Emotional

  • Needs to imitate; engages in domestic mimicry; puts on hat
  • Hurts, cries, laughs appropriately
  • Asks for things; demands wants by pointing and talking
  • Says “No” often, even when he likes something
  • Tends to repeat performances that are laughed at
  • Capable of unmistakable fear, anger, jealously, anxiety, sympathy, suspicion, anti social behavior
  • Communicates to others a wide range of emotional states
  • Works hard at play – self absorbed play
  • Repeats pleasurable acts
  • Sees objects as permanent and having a place, even when hidden
  • Pulls person to show them something
  • Imitates and mimics
  • Has sense of order
  • Resistant to change in routine
  • Needs immediate substitutions and distractions
  • Beginning to claim “mine” but no clear definition
  • Worries about people, parts of body
  • Separates self from adults for short distance, then retreats, cries when separated
  • Likes to do errands of fetch and carry
  • Engages in play activity similar to those of playmates; parallel to play
  • Makes mental picture of objects and actions and reinvents use of objects repeatedly
  • Remembers short term events, people, places
  • Disorients quickly when events change
  • Falls apart and comes back together regularly

 

Language

  • Pats at pictures
  • Relates words to gestures
  • Associates words with objects
  • Understands arrival and departure when consistent
  • Says five words in addition to Ma-ma and Da-da
  • Imitates, picks up jargon, plays telephone
  • Names pictures if asked
  • Indicates wants and needs, throws himself down when denied
  • Looks back and forth at pictures on wall
  • Identifies pictures – dog, shoe, baby
  • Looks back and forth at pictures in book
  • Says up to 25 words
  • Uses phrases, understands simple directions
  • Names two objects out of 10 given 1, 2, 3, or 4 directions
  • Uses words to replace actions – says bye-bye, waves, instead of going to door
  • Asks for things by a combination of words and gestures
  • Points and names objects

Fine Motor

  • Retrieves hidden toy – all trials
  • Uses a slight casting motion – throws back then forward
  • Builds and knocks down towers of three blocks
  • Pinches and uses cortical opposition in both hands simultaneously
  • Holds two small objects in one hand
  • Gets five or six objects out of 10 in a box
  • Takes pants, shoes and socks off, no help
  • Handles two objects at once
  • Fits cans inside of one another according to size
  • Points to parts of body
  • Threads and strings objects
  • Turns pages of book, several at a time
  • Strokes crayon, imitatively in air
  • Eats with spoon, spills
  • Builds tower of five cubes
  • Scribbles on paper spontaneously
  • Uses cup, puts down when finished
  • Begins to dress self, fusses with zippers, buttons
  • Builds tower of six-seven blocks, no help
  • Holds glass with one hand
  • Holds spoon right side up, does not spill
  • Aligns two cubes in row for train
  • Imitates vertical and circular stroke
  • Sits and “reads” little picture books, turns pages singly
  • Empties and pours objects in and out of containers

Sensory

            Visual

  • Focuses, best standing, replacing crawl
  • Bends over and looks through legs
  • Uses sense of vertical plane firmly in practice
  • Recognizes pictures pertaining to house, food, clothing
  • Points to objects named
  • Has awareness of form
  • Segregates parts, categorizes simple objects visually = socks, shoes
  • Labels household items by name
  • Prefers vertical to horizontal scanning
  • Leads with eyes rather than follow
  • Begins to identify things by where they should be

Auditory

  • Pursues sounds in his environment tirelessly
  • Responds to music with animation and action
  • Understands 10-25 words of speech – two word couplets
  • Understand one step directions
  • Identifies sounds (airplane) without seeing them

 

 Tactile

  • Chews effortlessly
  • Imitates stroke on paper
  • Discriminates between hot-cold, rough-smooth
  • Discriminates hand sized objects, touches everything
  • Enjoys water and sand play
  • Begins to take things apart, can handle simple mechanical devices
  • Touches and labels objects without seeing them

Gross Motor

  • Falls head long – takes few steps alone
  • Walks without help
  • Pulls toys behind self and looks behind at toy
  • Gets up from middle of floor
  • Forgets to hold on – catches self
  • Attains upright position, catches self when falls
  • Climbs; moves furniture
  • Climbs up stairs or onto low chair
  • Cannot go around corners or stop suddenly
  • Walks up steps one hand held
  • No longer creeps or crawls
  • Rarely falls when walking
  • Runs stiff legged
  • Goes to bathroom, sits on toilet
  • Climbs into adult chair
  • Stoops, picks up, stands again
  • Squats at play
  • Walks up stairs, holds rail
  • Walks down stairs, hand held
  • Pushes toy, says “choo” “choo”
  • Runs, stops, turns around, stoops down
  • Throws from elbow, retrieves, throws again
  • Kicks ball on request
  • Walks backward and runs
  • Walks up and down stair alone
  • Dances – joy in movement and motion
  • Carries blocks, toys around room, pounds together
Ask Dr. Susan