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Why Read to Your Child?

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By Carole Richards

Most people would agree that being literate is essential to a successful life.  Success may be defined based on the person’s perspective:  financial, career, family, friends, or happiness.

The media and our government continue to publicize our nation’s poor literacy rate.  What is a parent or grandparent supposed to do to help their child become literate? First and foremost, read to your child often and from a very early age.  Reading to a child is a special magical time.  It brings closeness, warmth, love and happiness to both the child and reader.  So when should I begin?

The Infant:  Three months of age isn’t too early to begin reading to an infant.  Sit the child facing forward on your lap.  Select books with cardboard covers, colorful pictures and even pop-up pages.  My favorite is Pat the Bunny, published in 1940.  It is colorful, interactive with a peek-a-boo page, mirror and a bunny to pat.  Don’t expect your baby to fully engage in this activity but, the baby will enjoy the colors, movement, your voice and closeness to you.  The baby will begin to consider reading an enjoyable activity and, by starting this early, they will learn to treat a book properly.  Neither of my children ever wrote in a book or tore pages intentionally.

The Crawling Infant:  By nine or ten months of age, the typical infant is crawling and exploring.  Babies are ready to listen to a simple picture book story.  They can now begin to select their own stories because they can crawl to get them.  Make sure you have some at their level to give them easy choices (remember, you’ve taught them how to treat books properly).  If you have been reading to your baby since he was three months old, he should be ready to make reading a DAILY activity.

The Toddler:  By age 18 months to two years, try slightly longer stories and, by age three, try reading a chapter book to your child.  Start with a short one like the Stuart Little Series.  However, my son listened intently to Charlotte’s Web at age three.  He cried at the end and wanted me to read it again.

The Kindergartner:  By age 5 or 6 for sure, your child should enjoy chapter books.  The Little House series by Laura Ingalls Wilder, The Ramona and Beezus books, and Ralph S. Mouse both by Beverly Cleary are designed for this age child and a little older.  These stories are tender, real and often very funny.

The First Grader:  Your child is now entering 1st grade.  Don’t stop reading now!  Many parents stop reading to their children because they think, “Now my child must read to me.”  While you want them to read to you, you should continue to read to them above their level.  C.S. Lewis and the Voyages of Narnia were a favorite for my seven year old.

Reading to Your Child Beyond First Grade

Just because your child is reading doesn’t mean you should stop reading to your child.

Read Together as a Family.  Once I watched a family with teenagers reading aloud the latest Harry Potter book to each other in a local coffee shop.  Each family member took a turn reading and you could tell they were really engaged.

Why Read to your Child?  Reading develops listening skills, critical thinking skills and vocabulary.  The more complex the book, the larger the vocabulary your child will develop.

Reading should be a family ritual, especially at bedtime.  It sets the child’s mood for warmth, calmness and love.  When my children were ill in the middle of the night, I would read to them. They remained calm and returned to sleep more quickly.

My child would never sit still for a story.  Let your active child pace, move, even do cartwheels.  When it comes to the pictures, show them to the child.  Just because your child is in constant motion doesn’t mean they aren’t listening.  Attention Deficit -- Hyperactive children require movement to stimulate the brain so they are able to listen and focus.  So let you child move around and read anyway.

My child has a learning disability.  Just because they can’t read well, doesn’t mean they can’t learn by listening.  You are building important skills as your child’s reading skills improve.  And if the child with poor reading skills is forced to do all the reading, they begin to dislike the activity.  If you keep reading, they will enjoy it more.

I Can’t Afford to Buy A Lot of Books.  Ask grandma and grandpa, or an aunt or uncle to buy your child books instead of another toy.  There is also the library where your child can select their own books of interest by age three.

So, here’s to reading daily and with great delight to your child of any age

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Carole Richards is president of North Coast Tutoring Services, president of the Academic Fun & Fitness Camp at Lakeland Community College a unit of the Creative Education Institute, author of RICHARDS READ Systematic Language and a frequent guest on radio and TV.  She can be reached at caroler@northcoasted.com.

Contact: John Kusik, Vice President

North Coast Education Services Ÿ31300 Solon Road, Suite 1 ŸSolon, Ohio 44139

440-914-0200 Fax 440-542-15604 johnk@northcoasted.com

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